River Birch

Betula nigra


Out Of Stock
Key Features

40 to 70'

Container Size

1 Gallon, 2 Gallon

Bloom Time

April, May

Bloom Color


Soil Moisture

Medium, Moist

Soil Type

Prefers acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils.

Hardiness Zone

4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Light Requirements

Part shade, Part Sun, Full sun

  • Description

    Keystone Value: The genus Betula (Birch) supports over 400 species of butterfly and moth caterpillars, providing food for a variety of birds and mammals.

    River Birch (Betula nigra) is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. It is often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark and multi-stemmed trunk. Many species of birds use it to nest and as a food source. Native Americans boiled sap from the tree to use like maple syrup, but in more recent times it was used to make birch beer.

    River Birch brings exceptional wildlife value to the landscape – it hosts hundreds of species of caterpillars and moths, such as the Mourning Cloak Butterfly and the majestic Luna Moth (both pictured above). Birds will feed on the seeds of the birch tree as well as various caterpillars. Woodpeckers and Nuthatches will search the loose bark for insects. Planting river birch trees would most certainly be a helpful service to nature.

  • Shipping Information

    We ship from two locations:

    • Maryland – Our nursery in Maryland is perfectly located to serve the Eastern United States within a 2-3 day shipping window. You will receive the most reasonable shipping rates from our Maryland location if you live east of Ohio.

    • Illinois – Our nursery in Illinois is perfectly located to serve the Midwestern United states within a 2-3 day shipping window. You will receive the most reasonable shipping rates from our Illinois location if you live west of West Virginia.

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